First Advisor

Henderson, Russell


College for Professional Studies

Degree Name

Master of Education


School of Education and Counseling

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access



Number of Pages

458 pages


Arts of Oaxaca, Mexico into the Middle School Art Curriculum Multicultural education needs continue to grow, as students must learn about the sociocultural contexts of the modern world. Therefore, educators must find ways to develop competencies in students to be able to function in this environment. These include the ability to think analytically and to relate to the world with an understanding of nonwestern perspectives. Therefore, this researcher designed an art curriculum to serve these purposes, based on the folk arts of Oaxaca, Mexico. Oaxacan folk arts are neither isolated from communal identity, nor the pre-Columbian roots from which they developed. Therefore, the art of this culture was chosen to demonstrate how pre- Columbian perspectives survived the impact of the Conquest. Lesson objectives asked students to grapple with differing perspectives within these contexts. This was done with inquiry based questioning techniques to produce cognitive abilities in students to: (a) offer multiple interpretations, (b) use evidence based reasoning, (c) exhibit comparison and contrast abilities, (d) develop hypotheses, and (e) draw multiple conclusions (Korn & Associates, 2007; Ritchhart, Palmer, Church & Tishman, 2006; Perkins, 1994; Tishman & Palmer, 2006; Winner & Simmons, 1992). This curriculum was based on the work conducted: (a) at the Guggenheim Museum (Korn & Associates), (b) at Project Zero at Harvard University (Project Zero, 2006), (c) by Housen and Yanawine, (Visual Understanding in Education [VUE], 2001), and (c) Looking to Write (Erhenworth, 2003). ii

Date of Award

Spring 2008

Location (Creation)

Denver, Colorado

Rights Statement

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Included in

Education Commons