First Advisor

Woodrow, Kelli


Woodrow, Kelli


College for Professional Studies

Degree Name

Master of Education


School of Education and Counseling

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access



Number of Pages

51 pages


The number of students in American schools whose first language is not English has grown dramatically in the past twenty years. Crawford (2004) reports that the Number of Limited English Proficient (LEP) students nearly doubled in the 1990s. According to Crawford, the number of LEP students in 2001 was more than 8 percent of the K-12 enrollment in American public schools. Goldenberg reports (2008) that in 1990 one in 20 public school students was an English Language Learner (ELL) and in 2008 the figure was one in nine. According to demographers that number could rise to one in four within the next 20 years (Goldenberg, 2008). These statistics are not only found in states typically associated with large numbers of non-native English speaking students but includes states such as Indiana, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee (Goldenberg, 2008).

Date of Award

Spring 2010

Location (Creation)

Denver, Colorado

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