First Advisor

Robyn, Elisa


College for Professional Studies

Degree Name

Master of Arts


School of Humanities & Social Sciences

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Number of Pages

83 pages


Native American historical trauma is similar to other massive generational group traumas. Past examples include the Jewish holocaust, slavery of the African people in the United States, and treatment of the Japanese Americans in the U.S. during World War II. Understanding the history of Native Americans allows for the design of culturally specific preventative and therapeutic interventions. Contrary to what is taught in modern history books, Native Americans were an advanced culture deeply immersed in their environments. From the invasion by the Spanish in the 1400s to the scorched earth extermination policies of the United States in the 1800s, Native Americans endured attempted genocide, forced relocation and confinement to reservations and forced assimilation. Historical trauma is generational and dwells deep in the souls of Native American individuals and communities all across the United States. For any healing to take place, one must take a close look at the root cause of historical trauma for the Native American people. The focus of this paper is to explore and develop ideas that will assist Native Americans in accessing which old ways are too biologically ingrained to do away with, and what new ways must be taken on to come to terms with such a massively different environment.

Date of Award

Fall 2013

Location (Creation)

Colorado (state); Denver (county); Denver (inhabited place)

Rights Statement

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