First Advisor

Amy L. Schreier


Michael J. Ghedotti


Regis College

Degree Name


Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Number of Pages

111 pages


The wildlife of Costa Rica has experienced various anthropogenic threats over the last century including climate change and agricultural expansion. The mantled howler monkey (Alloutta palliata), Central American spider monkey (Ateles geoffroyi), white-faced capuchin (Cebus imitator), and the Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii) are Costa Rica’s native primates that face several anthropogenic threats such as deforestation for agriculture and climate change. In response to increased threats to its four native species of non-human primates, Costa Rica has implemented effective governmental conservation tactics such as the Payments for Environmental Services program, ecotourism within protected areas, and various laws implemented to protect and preserve these primates and ensure a balanced rainforest ecosystem. Through the analysis of these conservation efforts made by the Costa Rican government and local organizations, this thesis aims to challenge primate conservation tactics in other countries hosting nonhuman primates to reform current regulations and implement new standards to protect their native primate species whose current populations have been recognized as having conservations statuses that range from “vulnerable” to “critically endangered” through the example of Costa Rican tactics and implementations.

Date of Award

Spring 2024

Location (Creation)

Denver, Colo.