First Advisor

Patricia L. Cullen, PhD, CPNP-PC

Second Advisor

Alma Jackson, PhD, RN, COHN-S


Rueckert-Hartman College for Health Professions

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access


Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic condition characterized by microvascular and macrovascular complications due to high blood glucose levels (CDC, 2014). Diabetes results in various complications, such as increased risks for heart illness by about two to four-folds, adult-onset blindness, lower-limb amputations, and kidney failure. It also lowers life expectancy by about 15 years

Date of Award

Spring 2021

Location (Creation)

Denver, Colorado