Strategies for Uncomplicated Upper Respiratory Infections and Patient Satisfaction

Foong-Chee Joann Cheah, Regis University

Abstract

Problem

Overuse or inappropriate use of antibiotics is a major contributing factor to reduced drug efficacy, and increased prevalence of resistant pathogens. The two delayed prescription strategies combined with the patient education showed a promising reduction in inappropriate antibiotics use. However, it is not yet clear which delay prescription strategy is the most effective between these two strategies.

Purpose

The purpose of this QI project was to investigate if an educational program increased patients’ knowledge of proper antibiotic use, perceptions of severity of symptoms, their belief in symptomatic treatment for viral illnesses, their satisfaction in their treatment plan and the differences in number of antibiotic prescriptions filled for two different delayed antibiotics strategies designed to reduce inappropriate use of antibiotics for adult patients with uncomplicated URIs patients’ at an urgent care clinic in Charles County, Maryland

Mission

Promote appropriate antibiotic use in the adult patients with uncomplicated URIs through a coordinated program of education and delayed prescription strategies in an urgent care setting.

Vision

Encourage antibiotic stewardship through a coordinated program that promotes the appropriate use of antibiotic, improve patient outcomes, reduces microbial resistance and decrease the spread of infections caused by multidrug-resistant organisms.

Goals

The goals of the study were to measure the impact of an educational program on the variables above and compare the two different delayed prescribing strategies.

Plan

Self-report instruments were used to investigating the effectiveness in an education program to improve patients’ knowledge of appropriate antibiotics use and compare two different delayed prescribing strategies in reducing antibiotic prescriptions filled.

Outcomes and Results

The patient led delayed prescription strategy, in addition to the patient education, resulted in a statistically significant decreased of antibiotic prescriptions filled by subjects diagnosed with an uncomplicated URIs. The patients’ antibiotic use was strongly related to the severity of symptoms on day three. More than 50% of the patients stating that symptomatic treatment helped. The perceived helpfulness of symptomatic treatment is strongly associated with decreased antibiotics use in this study. The educational program did not make any statistically significance in decreasing the use of antibiotics, but it did help to increase the patient’s satisfaction.