Measuring fast neutrons with large liquid scintillation detector for ultra-low background experiments
We developed a 12-liter volume neutron detector filled with the liquid scintillator EJ301 that measures neutrons in an underground laboratory where dark matter and neutrino experiments are located. The detector target is a cylindrical volume coated on the inside with reflective paint (95% reflectivity) that significantly increases the detector's light collection. We demonstrate several calibration techniques using point sources and cosmic-ray muons for energies up to 20 MeV for this large liquid scintillation detector. Neutron-gamma separation using pulse shape discrimination with a few MeV neutrons to hundreds of MeV neutrons is shown for the first time using a large liquid scintillator.
Zhang, C.; Mei, D. M.; Davis, P.; Woltman, B.; and Gray, F., "Measuring fast neutrons with large liquid scintillation detector for ultra-low background experiments" (2013). Regis University Faculty Publications. 614.