Electron spin relaxation in chromium-nitrosyl complexes

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A new method to prepare Cr(NO)(H2O)52+ from dichromate and NH2OH is reported. The chromium nitrosyls Cr(NO)(EHBA)+ and Cr(NO)(EHBA)2 (EHBA = 2-ethyl-2-hydoxybutyrate) were prepared by a literature reaction and characterized by continuous wave electron paramagnetic resonance and two-pulse electron spin echo spectroscopy at X-band. The g values are characteristic of a single unpaired electron in a predominantly dxy orbital. In fluid and glassy solutions Cr(NO)(EHBA)2 is a mixture of cis and trans isomers. Rotation of the methyl groups in the EHBA ligands causes an increased rate of spin echo dephasing at temperatures between 40 and 120 K. For the EHBA complexes echo envelope modulation is observed at temperatures below about 40 K that is attributed to inequivalent coupling to protons of the slowly rotating methyl groups. Both the effect of the methyl rotation on spin echo dephasing and the depth of the proton modulation are dependent on the number of ethyl groups in the ligand, and thus the spin echo experiments provide confirmation of the number of EHBA ligands in the complexes. The spin-lattice relaxation rates for the chromium-nitrosyl complexes at temperatures near 100 K are similar to values reported previously for Cr(V) complexes, which also have a single unpaired electron in a predominantly dxy orbital. For Cr(NO)(H 2O)52+, Cr(NO)(EHBA)+, and Cr(NO)(EHBA)2 the dominant contribution to spin-lattice relaxation between 12 and 150 K is the Raman process with a Debye temperature, θD, of 110-120 K. For Cr(NO)(CN)53- the data are consistent with a Raman process (θD) 135 K) and a contribution from a local mode, which dominates above about 60 K. The formally low-spin d5 chromium nitrosyl complexes relax about 5 orders of magnitude more slowly than low-spin d5 Fe(III) porphyrins, which is attributed to the absence of a low-lying excited state. © 1999 American Chemical Society.

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