Measurement of recovery from myocardial infarction using heart rate variability and psychological outcomes
This pilot study was designed to describe heart rate variability (HRV), anxiety, anger, denial, and depression during the first 4 days and 6 months after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The sample was composed of 21 post-AMI males aged 40 to 83-State anxiety was elevated early. At 6 months it had significantly decreased. The nonpower measure of HRV, the Kleiger global standard deviation, was decreased to a mean score of 86 (SD = 29) msec during AMI and was 117 (SD = 30) msec at 6 months. Although there were no significant correlations between HRV, psychological response, age, and education, there were moderate correlations between HRV and slate anger (r =.33), denial (r =.35), and education (v =.45). HRV, as measured by the power spectral density function of an autoregressive model, demonstrated an increased peak across the band of frequency associated with the high-frequency components of the parasympathetic system and a decreased peak across the band associated with the low-frequency components of the sympathetic system at 6 months as compared to the AMI period. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.
Buchanan, Lynnem; Cowan, Mirie; Burr, Robert; Waldron, Catherine; and Kogan, Helen, "Measurement of recovery from myocardial infarction using heart rate variability and psychological outcomes" (1993). Regis University Faculty Publications. 1212.