Anderson College of Business & Computing
One of the greatest goals of neuroscience in recent decades has been to rehabilitate individuals who no longer have a functional relationship between their mind and their body. Although neuroscience has produced technologies which allow the brains of paralyzed patients to accomplish tasks such as spell words or control a motorized wheelchair, these technologies utilize parts of the brain which may not be optimal for simultaneous use. For example, if you needed to look at flashing lights to spell words for communication, it would be difficult to simultaneously look at where you are moving. To improve upon this issue, this study developed and tested the foundation for a speech prosthesis paradigm which would utilize the innate neurophysiology of the human brain's speech system. In this experiment, two participants were asked to respond to a yes or no question via an EEG-based BCI of three different types; SSVEP-based, motor imagery-based, and laryngeal-imagery-based. By comparing the accuracy of the two established BCI paradigms to the novel laryngeal-imagery paradigm, we can establish the relative effectiveness of the novel paradigm. Machine learning algorithms were used to classify the EEG signals which had been transformed into frequency space (spectrograms) and common spatial pattern (CSP) dimensions. The SSVEP control task was able to be classified with better accuracy (62.5\%) than the no information rate of 50\% on the test set, but motor activity/imagery and laryngeal activity/imagery control tasks were not. Although the laryngeal methods did not produce accuracies above the no information rate, it is possible that with a larger amount of higher-quality data, this could prove otherwise. In the future, similar research should focus on reproducing the methods used here with better quality and more data.
George, Nathan and Kuhn, Samuel, "Performance of OpenBCI EEG Binary Intent Classification with Laryngeal Imagery" (2021). Regis University Faculty Publications (comprehensive list). 1.