First Advisor

Drwecki, Brian

Reader

Betjemann, Rebecca

College

Regis College

Degree Name

BS

School

Regis College Senior Honors Program

Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Comments

Psychology, Neuroscience

Number of Pages

40 pages

Abstract

This meta-analysis examines the correlation between self-esteem and academic achievement in African Americans across 27 separate studies (resulting in 41 measures of effect size) that included 9872 individuals in total. Statistical analysis indicates that overall, self-esteem accounted for 4% of the variation in academic achievement (�̅ = .21, n = 9872, Bayesian 95% CI = 0.14-0.27, p < .05). In line with the common research practice utilized in examining the relationship between self-esteem and academic achievement, the effects of global self-esteem measures and academic-specific self-esteem measures were examined separately (Bachman & O’Malley, 1986; Bouchey & Harter, 2005; Dusek, 2000; Fuligni, 1997; Harter, Waters, Whitesell, & Kastelic, 1998; Mann, Hosman, Schaalma, & de Vries, 2004; Scheier, Botvin, & Griffin, 2000; Tafarodi & Miline, 2002; Wigfield, Eccles, & Schiefele, 2007), and individual effect sizes were calculated for both global measures and academic specific measures of self-esteem. These analyses indicate that global measures of self-esteem account for less than 1% of the variation in academic achievement (�̅ = .1, n = 5808, k = 23, Bayesian 95% CI = 0.06-0.14, p < .05), whereas academic specific self-esteem accounts for almost 13% of the variation in academic achievement (�̅ = .36, n = 4046, k = 18, Bayesian 95% CI = 0.34-0.37, p < .05). These results are discussed in the context of reducing the academic achievement gap.

Date of Award

Spring 2015

Location (Creation)

Denver, Colorado

Rights Statement

All content in this Collection is owned by and subject to the exclusive control of Regis University and the authors of the materials. It is available only for research purposes and may not be used in violation of copyright laws or for unlawful purposes. The materials may not be downloaded in whole or in part without permission of the copyright holder or as otherwise authorized in the “fair use” standards of the U.S. copyright laws and regulations.

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